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【珍爱生命】金秋收获季 谨防蜂蜇伤

发布日期:2020-09-18    浏览数:

 春种秋收,又是一年收获季,田野里饱满的玉米,田埂上熟透的豌豆,山坡上核桃、板栗、山楂、酸枣……都成熟了,各种杂草也纵横交错的蔓延着,享受开花结果后的喜悦,农民伯伯们也带着无比喜悦的心情开始采摘劳动果实,但在丰收喜悦的背后,也隐藏着一个巨大的风险——毒蜂蜇伤致人死亡。 

 每年的秋季,毒蜂蜇伤致人死亡事件在周边地区时有发生,大部分都是劳作人民去往地里或者山坡上采摘的时候,不小心触碰到隐藏在杂草深处或者树上的胡蜂(又称马蜂、黄蜂)被蜇伤。马蜂体大身长毒性也大,人被蜇后会出现过敏反应和毒性反应,严重者甚至导致死亡,其蜂巢被老百姓称为“葫芦包”。人们被蜇伤后在自救过程中会选择奔跑,但是越奔跑马蜂变本加厉成群的追逐,会导致身体多处被蜇伤,毒性就更严重。马蜂蜇后受蜇皮肤立刻红肿、疼痛,甚至出现瘀点和皮肤坏死;眼睛被蜇时疼痛剧烈,流泪、红肿可以发生角膜溃疡。全身症状有头晕、头痛、呕吐、腹痛、腹泻、烦躁不安、血压升高等,以上症状一般在数小时至数天内消失;严重者可有嗜睡、全身水肿、少尿、昏迷、溶血、心肌炎、肝炎、急性肾功能衰竭和休克。部分对蜂毒过敏者可表现为荨麻疹、过敏性休克等。马峰毒液有致溶血、出血和神经毒作用,能损害心肌、肾小管和肾小球,尤易损害近曲肾小管导致急性肾功能衰竭。

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